This is Episode #121 and today we’ll read 1 Chronicles chapters 3-5 together. The descendants of David, Judah’s kings, and David’s descendants after the exile.
Joy: You’re listening to Season 2 of the Lifting Her Voice podcast. This is Episode #121 and today we’ll read 1 Chronicles chapters 3-5 together. The descendants of David, Judah’s kings, and David’s descendants after the exile.
Welcome to the Lifting Her Voice podcast, Season 2! I’m your host, Joy Miller, and I invite you to grab your Bible and join me – from the beginning – simply reading God’s word together. We built some spiritual muscles in 2020 with just the New Testament. But this year we’re going all out, cover-to-cover, Old Testament and New. So, whether with your first cup in the morning, your commute to work, or as the last thing on your mind before sleep, God’s Word will equip you for every good work. I’m really glad you’re here!
1 Chronicles Chapter 3
These were David’s sons who were born to him in Hebron:
Amnon was the firstborn, by Ahinoam of Jezreel;
Daniel was born second, by Abigail of Carmel;
Absalom son of Maacah, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur, was third;
Adonijah son of Haggith was fourth;
Shephatiah, by Abital, was fifth;
and Ithream, by David’s wife Eglah, was sixth.
Six sons were born to David in Hebron, where he reigned seven years and six months, and he reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years.
These sons were born to him in Jerusalem:
Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon. These four were born to him by Bath-shua daughter of Ammiel.
David’s other sons: Ibhar, Elishua, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet — nine sons.
These were all David’s sons, with their sister Tamar, in addition to the sons by his concubines.
Solomon’s son was Rehoboam;
his son was Abijah, his son Asa,
his son Jehoshaphat, his son Jehoram,
his son Ahaziah, his son Joash,
his son Amaziah, his son Azariah,
his son Jotham, his son Ahaz,
his son Hezekiah, his son Manasseh,
his son Amon, and his son Josiah.
Johanan was the firstborn, Jehoiakim second,
Zedekiah third, and Shallum fourth.
his sons Jeconiah and Zedekiah.
David’s Line after the Exile
The sons of Jeconiah the captive:
his sons Shealtiel, Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
Pedaiah’s sons: Zerubbabel and Shimei.
Zerubbabel’s sons: Meshullam and Hananiah, with their sister Shelomith; and five others — Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-hesed.
Hananiah’s descendants: Pelatiah, Jeshaiah, and the sons of Rephaiah, Arnan, Obadiah, and Shecaniah.
The son of Shecaniah: Shemaiah.
Shemaiah’s sons: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat — six.
Neariah’s sons: Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam — three.
Elioenai’s sons: Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani — seven.
1 Chronicles Chapter 4
Judah’s sons: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal.
Reaiah son of Shobal fathered Jahath, and Jahath fathered Ahumai and Lahad.
These were the families of the Zorathites.
These were Etam’s sons: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and their sister was named Hazzelelponi.
Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah.
These were the sons of Hur, Ephrathah’s firstborn and the father of Bethlehem:
Ashhur fathered Tekoa and had two wives, Helah and Naarah.
Naarah bore Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari to him. These were Naarah’s sons.
Helah’s sons: Zereth, Zohar, and Ethnan. Koz fathered Anub, Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel son of Harum.
Jabez was more honored than his brothers. His mother named him Jabez and said, “I gave birth to him in pain.”
Jabez called out to the God of Israel, “If only you would bless me, extend my border, let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm, so that I will not experience pain.” And God granted his request.
Chelub brother of Shuhah fathered Mehir, who was the father of Eshton. Eshton fathered Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash. These were the men of Recah.
Kenaz’s sons: Othniel and Seraiah.
Othniel’s sons: Hathath and Meonothai.
Meonothai fathered Ophrah,
and Seraiah fathered Joab, the ancestor of those in the Craftsmen’s Valley, for they were craftsmen.
Descendants of Caleb
The sons of Caleb son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam.
Elah’s son: Kenaz.
Jehallelel’s sons: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.
Ezrah’s sons: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered’s wife Bithiah gave birth to Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa. These were the sons of Pharaoh’s daughter Bithiah; Mered had married her. His Judean wife gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite and the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.
Shimon’s sons: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon.
Ishi’s sons: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.
The sons of Shelah son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, the families of the guild of linen workers at Beth-ashbea, Jokim, the men of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who married Moabites and returned to Lehem. These names are from ancient records. They were the potters and residents of Netaim and Gederah. They lived there in the service of the king.
Simeon’s sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul;
Shaul’s sons: his son Shallum, his son Mibsam, and his son Mishma.
Mishma’s sons: his son Hammuel, his son Zaccur, and his son Shimei.
Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his brothers did not have many children, so their whole family did not become as numerous as the Judeans. They lived in Beer-sheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David became king. Their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan — five cities, and all their surrounding villages as far as Baal. These were their settlements, and they kept a genealogical record for themselves.
Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah,
Joel, Jehu son of Joshibiah, son of Seraiah, son of Asiel,
Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, and Ziza son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah —
these mentioned by name were leaders in their families. Their ancestral houses increased greatly. They went to the entrance of Gedor, to the east side of the valley to seek pasture for their flocks. They found rich, good pasture, and the land was broad, peaceful, and quiet, for some Hamites had lived there previously.
Struck Down the Amalekites
These who were recorded by name came in the days of King Hezekiah of Judah, attacked the Hamites’ tents and the Meunites who were found there, and set them apart for destruction, as they are today. Then they settled in their place because there was pasture for their flocks. Now five hundred men from these sons of Simeon went with Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the descendants of Ishi, as their leaders to Mount Seir. They struck down the remnant of the Amalekites who had escaped, and they still live there today.
1 Chronicles Chapter 5
These were the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel. He was the firstborn, but his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel, because Reuben defiled his father’s bed. He is not listed in the genealogy according to birthright. Although Judah became strong among his brothers and a ruler came from him, the birthright was given to Joseph.
The sons of Reuben, Israel’s firstborn:
Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
Joel’s sons: his son Shemaiah,
his son Gog, his son Shimei,
his son Micah, his son Reaiah,
his son Baal, and his son Beerah.
Beerah was a leader of the Reubenites, and King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria took him into exile. His relatives by their families as they are recorded in their family records:
Jeiel the chief, Zechariah,
and Bela son of Azaz,
son of Shema, son of Joel.
They settled in Aroer as far as Nebo and Baal-meon. They also settled in the east as far as the edge of the desert that extends to the Euphrates River, because their herds had increased in the land of Gilead. During Saul’s reign they waged war against the Hagrites, who were defeated by their power. And they lived in their tents throughout the region east of Gilead.
The sons of Gad lived next to them in the land of Bashan as far as Salecah:
Joel the chief, Shapham the second in command, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan.
Their relatives according to their ancestral houses: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, and Eber — seven.
These were the sons of Abihail son of Huri,
son of Jaroah, son of Gilead,
son of Michael, son of Jeshishai,
son of Jahdo, son of Buz.
Ahi son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was head of their ancestral family. They lived in Gilead, in Bashan and its surrounding villages, and throughout the pasturelands of Sharon. All of them were registered in the genealogies during the reigns of Judah’s King Jotham and Israel’s King Jeroboam.
The descendants of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh had 44,760 warriors who could serve in the army — men who carried shield and sword, drew the bow, and were trained for war. They waged war against the Hagrites, Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. They received help against these enemies because they cried out to God in battle, and the Hagrites and all their allies were handed over to them. He was receptive to their prayer because they trusted in him. They captured the Hagrites’ livestock — fifty thousand of their camels, two hundred fifty thousand sheep, and two thousand donkeys — as well as one hundred thousand people. Many of the Hagrites were killed because it was God’s battle. And they lived there in the Hagrites’ place until the exile.
Half the Tribe of Manasseh
The descendants of half the tribe of Manasseh settled in the land from Bashan to Baal-hermon (that is, Senir or Mount Hermon); they were numerous. These were the heads of their ancestral families: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel. They were valiant warriors, famous men, and heads of their ancestral houses. But they were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors. They prostituted themselves with the gods of the nations God had destroyed before them. So the God of Israel roused the spirit of King Pul (that is, Tiglath-pileser) of Assyria, and he took the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh into exile. He took them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and Gozan’s river, where they are until today.
It almost seems like there is a repeat of Judah’s descendants and that’s because there is. However, one is done from the perspective of David’s genealogy and the other – in chapter 4 – is done in regard to the twelve sons of Jacob, or Israel. This is an important distinction. Jesus came from the line of David, who descends from the tribe of Judah.
Then we get a little of departure from names only when reading the descendants of Judah and Simeon. The chronicler sprinkled in a few of those “omitted things” which gives some nice texture to the reading. Were there any interesting tidbits that stood out to you? Share your thoughts with me at Lifting Her Voice.com, Facebook, Instagram or Twitter.
Thank you for joining me here today. I pray that by spending time in His Word every day, you will by changed. Visit me at Lifting Her Voice.com with your comments and questions. And don’t forget to visit the Blog page while you’re there. If you like the podcast, it would be great if you’d give it a five-star review and share it with everyone you know. Don’t forget to subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. See you tomorrow!
Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Christian Standard Bible(r), Copyright (c) 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible(r) and CSB(r) are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers.
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